Girls in STEM: Closing the gender gap in education and careers.

In recent years, significant progress has been made in promoting gender equality across various fields. However, one area that still grapples with gender disparities is STEM education and careers.

Less than 30% of researchers in the science world are female and only 35% of current university students in the UK within STEM subjects are women. This falls to just 19% in computer sciences and engineering & technology.  

The underrepresentation of women in STEM fields remains a concerning issue, but there is a growing recognition of the importance of empowering girls to pursue STEM education and careers.

Understanding the gender gap in STEM:

The gender gap in STEM starts early in a student’s academic journey. From an early age, girls tend to internalise stereotypes that STEM subjects are more suited for boys. These stereotypes can lead to self-doubt and reduced interest in pursuing STEM-related activities and courses. Consequently, fewer girls choose STEM-related academic paths and continue to be underrepresented in STEM further & higher education and ultimately careers.

Factors contributing to the gender gap:

  1. Stereotypes and bias: Societal stereotypes about gender roles in certain professions can influence the perception of STEM as male-dominated fields. These stereotypes may hinder girls’ confidence and self-belief in their ability to excel in STEM.
  2. Lack of role models: A scarcity of female role models in STEM fields can make it challenging for girls to envision themselves succeeding in these careers. Visibility of and celebrating the achievements of women in STEM can inspire and motivate girls to pursue their interests and aspirations.
  3. Educational environment: Gender biases can also manifest in the classroom, affecting teachers’ expectations and interactions with students. Cultivating inclusive and equitable learning environments is crucial for encouraging girls’ participation and success in STEM.
  4. Limited exposure: Access to STEM-related resources and opportunities varies, and girls from underserved communities may face additional barriers in exploring STEM subjects and careers.

Empowering girls in STEM education and careers:

  1. Promoting positive role models: Highlighting successful women in STEM through guest speakers, mentorship programs, and media representation can challenge stereotypes and inspire girls to pursue their interests fearlessly.
  2. Encouraging early exposure: Providing hands-on experiences and exposure to STEM activities at an early age can spark interest and curiosity in girls. Schools and communities can organise STEM workshops, science fairs, and robotics clubs to engage and excite young learners.
  3. Fostering inclusive classrooms: We must be mindful of potential biases and ensure that all students are equally encouraged and supported in STEM subjects. Cultivating a growth mindset that emphasises effort, perseverance, and resilience can empower girls to embrace challenges and overcome obstacles.
  4. Addressing gender bias: Promoting inclusive language and diverse representation in educational resources is critical in challenging stereotypes.
  5. Bridging the digital divide: Providing equal access to technology and digital resources is essential in narrowing the gender gap in STEM. Ensuring that girls from all backgrounds have access to STEM-related tools and resources can help level the playing field.
  6. Collaboration with industries: Partnerships with businesses and industries can create internship and mentorship opportunities, exposing girls to real-world applications of STEM and fostering a sense of purpose and relevance in their studies.
  7. Community engagement: Engaging parents and communities in supporting girls’ interest in STEM can create a supportive network that reinforces their aspirations and celebrates their achievements.

Embracing diversity and promoting gender equality in STEM will not only benefit girls directly but also contribute to the advancement of society. Let’s work towards a future where every girl can thrive and make a meaningful impact in the world of STEM.

How do you promote equality in STEM fields? Let us know in the comments section below.

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This article was written by the TeacherHaven team, if you wish to contribute to our blog, please email us at

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